Keep paragraphs short look at any newspaper and notice the short paragraphs. Thats done to make reading easier, because our brains take in information better when its broken into small chunks. In academic writing, each paragraph develops one idea and often includes many sentences. But in casual, everyday writing, the style is less formal and paragraphs may be as short as a help single sentence or even a single word. Eliminate fluff words qualifying words, such as very, little, and rather, add nothing to your meaning and suck the life out of your sentences. For example: It is very important to basically avoid fluff words because they are rather empty and sometimes a little distracting. Mark Twain suggested that you should Substitute damn every time youre inclined to write very ; your editor will delete it and the writing will be just as it should. Dont ramble rambling is a big problem for many writers. Not as big as some other problems, such as affordable health insurance or the middle east, which has been a problem for many decades because of disputes over territory.
Each sentence should have one simple thought. More than that creates complexity and invites confusion. Use the active voice In English, readers prefer the svo sentence sequence: Subject, verb, Object. This is the active voice. For example: Passive sentences bore people. When you reverse the active sequence, you have the ovs or passive sequence: Object, will verb, subject. For example: people are bored by passive sentences. You cant always use the active voice, but most writers should use it more often.
Be specific, consider two sentences: I grow lots of flowers in my back yard. I grow 34 varieties of flowers in my back yard, including pink coneflowers, purple asters, yellow daylilies, Shasta daisies, and climbing clematis. Which is more interesting? Which helps you see my back yard? Write use instead of utilize, near instead of close proximity, help instead of facilitate, for instead of in the amount of, start instead of commence. Use longer words only if your meaning is so specific no other words will. Write short sentences you should keep sentences short for the same reason you keep paragraphs short: theyre easier to read and understand.
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In fact, complex writing makes you sound small-minded. Just consider the title of the study: Consequences of erudite vernacular utilized irrespective of necessity: problems with using long words needlessly. Wouldnt it be better to title this study something like. The effect of using big words when you dont need them? To sound smart, you must stop trying to sound smart.
Brilliant writing is simple writing, a relevant idea delivered clearly and directly. Here are 11 ways you can start sounding brilliant:. Have something to say, this makes writing easier and faster. When you have nothing to say, you are forced to write sentences that sound meaningful but deliver nothing. Choose your subjects wisely. Then share your information with readers.
Here is a specific, measurable, time-limited goal that tells you what Alex can do now and what he will be able to do after one year of special education: Present level of performance: given third grade material, Alex reads 50-70wpm with 4-6 errors. Annual goal: given fifth grade material, Alex will read 120 wpm with onlyrandom errors. To ensure that Alex meets his goal, we will measure his progress at nine-weekintervals (4 times during the school year). After 9 weeks, given third grade material, Alex will read 110 to 120 wpm with1-3 errors. After 18 weeks, given fourth grade material, Alex will read 70-100 wpm with1-3 errors. After 27 weeks, given fifth grade material, Alex will read 70-100 wpm with 1-3errors.
At the end of the year, alex will read 120 wpm with only random errors. Smart check: Answer each question "Yes" or "No". Does someone else need to do something or provide something before you can accomplish this goal? Is this goal statement as detailed as you can make it? Smart check, see what your answers mean. Do you sound smarter when you use big words? According to a study published. Applied Cognitive psychology, the answer.
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Which of these goals is specific, measurable and realistic? Kelsey will demonstrate improved writing the skills. Kelsey will improve her writing and spelling skills so she can write a clear, cohesive, and readable paragraph william consisting of at least 3 sentences, including compound and complex sentences that are clearly related. Time-limited, smart iep goals and objectives are time-limited. What does the child need to know and be able to do after one year of special education? What is the starting point for each of the child's needs (present levels of academic achievement and functional performance)? Time-limited goals and objectives enable you to monitor progress at regular intervals. Assume your child is in the fifth grade. Alex's reading skills are at the early third grade level.
With measurable goals, you will know when the child reaches the goal. Which of these two goals is goat measurable and observable? Owen will improve his reading skills. Given second grade material, Owen will read a passage of text orally at 110-130 wpm with random errors. Action words, iep goals include three components that must be stated in measurable terms: (a) direction of behavior (increase, decrease, maintain, etc.) (b) area of need (i.e., reading, writing, social skills, transition, communication, etc.) (c) level of attainment (i.e., to age level, without assistance, etc.). Realistic and relevant, smart ieps have realistic, relevant goals and objectives that address the child's unique needs that result from the disability. Smart iep goals are not based on district curricula, state or district tests, or other external standards.
Dylan will increase study skills for academic success. Dylan will demonstrate the following study skills: skimming written material and use reference materials in social studies class. Measurable, smart ieps have measurable goals and objectives. Measurable means you can count or observe. Measurable goals allow parents and teachers to know how much progress the child has made since the performance was last measured.
If you are the parent of a child with a disability, you are probably confused too. How do you write iep goals and objectives? Do you agree with diane when she says, "Commitment to academic success is not an appropriate goal?". Learning About smart ieps, the term smart ieps describes ieps that are specific, measurable, use action words, are realistic and relevant, and time-limited. S, specific, m measurable. A use Action Words, r realistic and relevant, t Time-limited. Let's examine each of these good concepts. Specific, smart ieps have specific goals and objectives.
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"If you're not sure where you're going, you're liable to end up someplace else. If you don't essay know where you're going, the best made maps won't help you get there." — robert Mager, psychologist, writer, educator. If you are like many parents, you feel anxious and insecure at iep meetings. What do you know? What can you offer? What should you do? Some parents believe that if they are not educators, they have nothing of value to offer in planning their child's educational program. Other parents realize that their child's iep is not appropriate but do not know how to resolve the problem. Diane belongs to this group: diane represents countless parents who are confused about iep goals and objectives.